Georgia History

Muscogee Youth Return To Ancestral Homeland In Macon

Jul 30, 2019
Marianna Bacallao

The Muscogee Creek people were removed from Georgia in 1834. In 2019, members of the Muscogee Creek Nation Youth Council came back to their homeland for the first time.

“For me, and for my youth council, and our tribe, it’s very important to just take a step back and recognize where we come from and take time to honor all the sacrifices that (our ancestors) made for us to be here,” Claudia McHenry said. McHenry is a representative for the Native American population at the University of Central Oklahoma in Edmond, Oklahoma.

Casimir Pulaski was born in Poland in 1745. After proving his military mastery in independence struggles across Europe, Pulaski moved to Boston in 1777. He formed the colonists' first legion on horseback, became Brigadier General and saved George Washington's retreating troops at Brandywine. Pulaski was later mortally wounded, and died, amid the 1779 Siege of Savannah. But for centuries, his final resting place remained a mystery.

Earlier this month, the Smithsonian Channel revealed not only that the "father of the American cavalry" was indeed buried in Savannah – but also that Pulaski may biologically been intersex. Both breakthroughs came after decades of research by a team based in Georgia with help from colleagues across the United States, Poland and Canada.


(AP Photo/Library of Congress)

Casimir Pulaski was born in Poland in 1745. After proving his military mastery in independence struggles across Europe, Pulaski moved to Boston in 1777. He formed the colonists' first legion on horseback, became Brigadier General and saved George Washington's retreating troops at Brandywine. Pulaski was later mortally wounded, and died, amid the 1779 Siege of Savannah. But for centuries, his final resting place remained a mystery.

Earlier this month, the Smithsonian Channel revealed not only that the "father of the American cavalry" was indeed buried in Savannah – but also that Pulaski may biologically have been intersex. Both breakthroughs came after decades of research by a team based in Georgia with help from colleagues across the United States, Poland and Canada.


Today's show took a survey of the state, from a blacksmith in Albany to the hidden battle for resources in the American Civil War.

The Civil War calls to mind the epic clash between Union and Confederate soldiers, but skirmishes also took place off the battlefield. The war for food, timber, shelter and control was waged largely on civilians. Historian and Atlanta native Joan Cashin joined "On Second Thought" to discuss her new book, "War Stuff: The Struggle for Human and Environmental Resources in the American Civil War."

AP Photo / Associated Press

On Jan. 16, 1861, the Georgia Secession Convention opened in Milledgeville. A few days later, state leaders voted to secede from the Union.

 

The Civil War calls to mind the epic clash between Union and Confederate soldiers, but skirmishes also took place off the battlefield. The war for food, timber, shelter and control was waged largely on civilians. Historian and Atlanta native Joan Cashin joined "On Second Thought" to discuss her new book, "War Stuff: The Struggle for Human and Environmental Resources in the American Civil War."

 

Today on the show, we broke down complicated ballot amendment language, explored the history of gerrymandering and discussed domestic violence issues in Georgia.

There are seven ballot measures currently up for vote during Georgia's midterm elections. We spoke with GPB's Stephen Fowler and Zac Peskowitz, assistant professor of political science at Emory University, to learn the history behind these measures and decode their complicated language.

We also spoke with Charles S. Bullock III, professor of political science at University of Georgia, about gerrymandering and drawing district lines in Georgia. Bullock said Georgia's 13th district "looked like a dead cat on the expressway" when first drawn.


Today we celebrate America’s independence from British rule. To get a sense of the role Georgia played in the struggle for liberty, we spoke with Stan Deaton, senior historian for the Georgia Historical Society. He takes us back to the time of the American Revolution, to the colony of Georgia’s first capitol in Savannah.

To learn more about the Georgians involved in the founding of the country, Deaton suggests checking out the Georgia Department of Humanities' New Georgia Encyclopdedia online.

Moultrie Creek / Flickr

The Federal Reserve's roots trace back to Georgia’s Jekyll Island. It all started in November 1910, when  six men secretly convened at the Jekyll Island Club to reform the country's banking system. The participants did not admit that the meeting happened until the 1930s.


On Second Thought For Monday, June 4, 2018

Jun 4, 2018
GPB

The 1954 Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education made segregation of America’s public schools illegal. But decades before Thurgood Marshall argued for Linda Brown's right to attend the all-white school closest to her house in Topeka, Kansas, lawsuits brought by little girls and young women chipped away at the foundations of segregated education. New research finds their grassroots efforts paved the way for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) legal battle to integrate schools nationally.


Sadayuki Mikami / AP

Maynard Jackson Jr. was an Atlanta legend. As the first black mayor of a major southern city, Jackson pushed for businesses to adopt affirmative action programs, expanded the Atlanta airport to become the international hub it is today and also led the campaign to bring the 1996 Summer Olympics to Georgia.

 

Jackson's life and legacy are the focus of the new documentary, "Maynard," which was executive produced by his daughter-in-law Wendy Jackson and his son Maynard Jackson III.

This week we’re hearing how some descendants are passing along Gullah heritage to the next generation. Patricia West is a writer and professor at Savannah State University. She was inspired to document her family’s roots after discovering her great great-grandmother’s grave on a trip to the family cemetery. 

The Scott-West family is also looking for ways to celebrate their history. Later this week, we will join them at the centuries-old cemetery where their American heritage begins, for a libations ceremony honoring ancestors.

Rachel Parker

A flood devastated Rome, Georgia in 1886. According to local lore the waters rose high enough for a steamboat to float down Broad Street, the town’s main thoroughfare. This event inspired city leaders to elevate the street, and all the buildings along it. Business owners recently opened up their basement doors for people to tour the remains of old Rome. We took the tour, and brought back this audio postcard. 

Georgia Historical Society, which is based in Savannah, is the keeper of stories and documents about the people and events that have shaped our state. Senior Historian Stan Deaton shares the story of the first contentious election for U.S. President and the Georgian who was at the heart of the story.