First Steps In 'Turnaround' For One Georgia School

Sep 25, 2018

One morning during the second week of the school year, Principal Shandrina Griffin-Stewart was about to walk the halls of Appling Middle School in Macon. She'd just stepped outside her door when she saw a class of rambunctious sixth graders. She quickly got them in line.

"Raider Pride!" she intoned.

The students responded immediately, if less than enthusiastically.

"Gear up, work hard and do right," they said in a loose unison. Griffin-Stewart tried again.

"Raider Pride!"


This time the kids hit it with some volume.

"Gear up! Work hard! Do right!"

"Alright, Ms. Smalls. You can keep doing what you're doing," the principal said in parting.

Griffin-Stewart was going on her regular rounds of this school on the east side of Macon, a school she attended while growing up in the Kings Park Neighborhood on the road to Jeffersonville.

This is her first year at Appling Middle. She had been at LH Williams Elementary in the heart of Macon where she got a reputation for leading that school out of academic danger and into safer waters.

Now she is tasked for doing the same at Appling Middle School. As she takes that on, she will be one of 18 principals in the state working with the new chief turnaround officer.

The chief turnaround officer, or CTO, is a position created after the failure at the state level to give the governor the power to takeover schools deemed to be struggling.

The turnaround office is a compromise.

Appointed by the state board of education, the CTO is meant to offer everything from academic support to social services in the schools in which it works while still allowing the school its autonomy. What isn't clear yet is what might happen when a "turnaround school" doesn't improve under the turnaround officer's wing. 

The sound of cicadas punctuated the walk from the main building to the eighth grade wing. There Griffin-Stewart dropped in on a math class where a young teacher was cruising through a lesson on exponents with an easy tone and comfortable demeanor.

"I wish we could keep her so badly," Griffin-Stewart later said. The math teacher was a long term substitute.

An Appling Middle School student writing during class.
Credit Grant Blankenship / GPB

When the chief turnaround officer initially picked Appling Middle for intervention, he passed over another school in the county, Ballard Hudson Middle School, that by many measures has more ground to make up than Appling. Plus,  all the schools on the turnaround list are south of Atlanta. Decisions like that have some educators scratching their heads. There has been pushback. 

The superintendent of Macon County Schools has said he does not want the turnaround office's help at all. Still Appling Middle’s eighth grade reading scores are in the bottom five percent of Georgia middle schools.

In the end, Bibb County Schools got the turnaround office to agree to work in Ballard Hudson Middle School, too. At Appling Middle, Principal Griffin-Stewart is happy to have the help.

A few weeks later, Griffin-Stewart sat down at a conference table behind her office for one of her regular meetings with Betty Jones. Jones is from the turnaround office. She’s what they call a transformation specialist. She came with a full complement of highlighters and stacks of data, some already past and some to be met in the future, which she keeps track of.

Jones stressed that she and her office are at Appling Middle for partnership, not a takeover. Back in the summer, Bibb Schools officials and turnaround staff got together to list the trouble spots at Appling. Because lists like that can quickly become intimidating, Griffin-Stewart said they pared it down to four distinct goals.

Betty Jones of the Chief Turnaround Office, left, and Principal Shandrina Griffin-Stewart going over progress in their shared plan for progress at Appling Middle School in Macon.
Credit Grant Blankenship / GPB

The first two goals are purely academic. They are to get kids on grade level in math and reading.

Griffin-Stewart called the third goal cultural. It's about getting teachers on the same page in terms of creating a positive environment in school for students and for each other.

Then there's the fourth goal, which arguably underpins all the others. For students here to focus, they first have to cope with their lives outside the school walls. Even though Griffin-Stewart grew up on this side of town she said she has a hard time wrapping her head around the stresses her students experience.

"They've experienced murders. They've experienced parents die, you know just just situations you know outside of school that impacts them from being focused and learning," she explained.

Dealing with that kind of trauma is beyond the capability of most guidance counselors.  This is why the turnaround office is placing a social worker who will be at school every day. That person has been hired and is now conducting surveys to get a more fine grained understanding of what counseling help students may need.  The turnaround office is prepared to help make that happen in the other schools with the help of other partners like the Communities in Schools organization. Griffin-Stewart calls this the social and emotional piece of the plan.

How well any of this works will be judged by check ups every 90 days. That's why Betty Jones has that stack of highlighters. She’ll be taking meticulous notes and keeping track of everything.

"Everything that we do is predicated on this plan," Betty Jones said. "We wanted it to be streamlined but we want it to be impactful."

What isn't not clear, though, is what happens another 90 days down the road, or at the end of the year, if there isn’t progress.  It’s not something anyone in the room is planning on.

Back at the conference table, Jones and Griffin-Stewart are were talking data when there was a commotion in the hall. It was a student, apparently struggling with an adult.

"Let go of me!" the boy shouted. A man's voice told other students to keep miving down the hall. 

Principal Griffin-Stewart excused herself as she quickly got to the hall to see what was the matter. When she came back a few minutes later, she used the moment to punctuate a piece of her turnaround plan.

"It comes down to social and emotional," she said. "That’s what it all comes down to."

The social worker on campus will be begin working with students in a few weeks. Griffin-Stewart says she will take her teachers on a tour of their students' neighborhoods.